In this episode we look at the Young Turk Revolution of 1908, and the attempted counter Revolution of 1909.
Osman's Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire, by Caroline Finkel
The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East, 1908-1923, Sean McMeekin
The Young Turks: The Committee of Union and Progress in Turkish Politics 1908-1914, by Feroz Ahmad
The Emergence of Modern Turkey: Third Edition, by Bernard Lewis