In this episode, we look at the history of the Ottoman Empire's decline from the reign of Selim III up to the 20th century, and the attempts at political and economic reform.
Bernard Lewis, What Went Wrong?
Peter Mansfield, A History of the Middle East
Tamin Ansary, Destiny Disrupted: A History of the World Through Islamic Eyes
Arthur Goldschmidt Jr. and Lawrence Davidson, A Concise History of the Middle East, Tenth Edition
Michael B. Oren, Power, Faith, and Fantasy: America in the Middle East, 1776 to the Present
Alan Palmer, The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire
Caroline Finkel, Osman's Dream: The History of the Ottoman Empire